Simone Falk, PhD

Simone Falk, PhD

Posted by: on Mar 19, 2019 | No Comments

My research focuses on the interface between language and music. I am particularly interested in rhythmic phenomena in music and speech and rhythmic functions in communication, language acquisition and speech and language pathology. My approach is fundamentally interdisciplinary inspired by theory and methods of several disciplines (experimental linguistics, neurosciences (EEG), cognitive sciences, movement sciences).

The major aim of my current research program is to examine the role of rhythmic and temporal predictions in language processing in order to

  1. characterize developmental speech and language deficits and  better understand individual differences
  2. unravel the role of temporal predictions in discourse comprehension, verbal and motor coordination between interlocutors
  3. collaborate with speech therapists to develop new approaches for speech pathology intervention based on musical training, singing and rhythm interaction
Mickael Deroche, PhD

Mickael Deroche, PhD

Posted by: on Feb 18, 2019 | No Comments

I am an auditory psychophysicist studying normal and pathological hearing and the ensuing communication deficits across the lifespan. There are two aspects of the auditory system that I am particularly interested in: 1) its development in the early years of native language acquisition and 2) its collapse under degradations in sensory input (cochlear implant patients). Degradations in auditory input are also prevalent during normal aging and are associated with cognitive decline, dementia, and social isolation in seniors. My overarching goal is to find ways to compensate for hearing damage.

Emily BJ Coffey, Ph.D.

Emily BJ Coffey, Ph.D.

Posted by: on May 4, 2018 | No Comments

Coffey Lab: Audition, Sleep and Plasticity (CL: ASP) se concentre sur la neuroplasticité associée à des tâches complexes, en utilisant le sens musical et son interaction avec le langage comme modèle. Avec les collègues de BRAMS à l’Université McGill, nous avons créé une tâche en libre accès «musique dans le bruit» qui peut être utilisée pour étudier comment les individus utilisent les nombreux indices qui constituent la compétence de l’audition dans le bruit (HIN) et comment ces compétences diffèrent selon la formation musicale.

Notre laboratoire utilise divers outils de neuro-imagerie (MEG, EEG, IRMf, DWI, VBM) pour étudier les bases neurales du traitement auditif, l’audition dans le bruit et l’avantage des musiciens, ainsi que leur relation avec l’entraînement. Nous combinons également ces domaines avec de nouvelles techniques qui peuvent influer sur la consolidation de la mémoire dépendante du sommeil, comme la stimulation auditive en boucle fermée. En fin de compte, nos objectifs sont de comprendre comment les interventions par l’entraînement et le sommeil peuvent maintenir la fonction auditive et langagière et améliorer l’apprentissage et la qualité de vie.

Mickael Begon, Ph.D.

Mickael Begon, Ph.D.

Posted by: on Nov 29, 2017 | No Comments

Biomechanics, modeling-simulation

Department of Kinesiology

Areas of interest

  • Modeling and mechanical simulation of human motility with or without equipment;
  • Biomechanics of the shoulder from prevention to rehabilitation;
  • Optimization of sport movements.

Main research projects in progress

  • Musculoskeletal Modeling of the Shoulder for Orthotic Design and Handling Prevention;
  • Modeling of soft tissue and bone kinematics (lower limb application);
  • Optimization of gymnastic movements at the fixed bar;
  • Measure of three-dimensional kinematics on large fields (walking, kayaking and rowing);
  • Optimized ergometer design (kayak and rowing)
Annelies Bockstael, Ph.D.

Annelies Bockstael, Ph.D.

Posted by: on Jul 6, 2017 | No Comments

The main focus is interdisciplinary research on auditory processing, attention and cognition.

In 2010, I obtained my doctorate in social sciences of health at the University of Ghent (Belgium) on the improvement of methods of verification and implementation of personal hearing protectors in the workplace. It was a highly interdisciplinary project, supervised by the Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences and the Acoustics Research Group (Department of Information and Communications Technology). From 2010 to 2016, I joined the Acoustics Group as a postdoctoral fellow at the Flemish Research Foundation (FWO). There, I worked on the instant effect of sound on hearing and human functioning.

My research focuses on the effects of noise exposure on health, functioning and well-being in real life situations. I am studying this in four different areas: noise-induced hearing loss, environmental noise exposure, the effect of noise on cognition and attention, and specific subgroups that are particularly sensitive to sound and noise, including people with neuropsychiatric disorders such as Parkinson’s disease. This includes the evaluation of various physiological measurement techniques, such as otoacoustic emissions (OAE, assessment of inner ear function) and electroencephalography (EEG).

I am currently co-supervising a PhD student working on sound volume perception and auditory processing in Parkinson’s disease, and another PhD project that will soon begin in the single-test EEG to assess attention fluctuations in auditory processing.

I consider myself an active member of the scientific community with more than 30 publications in scientific journals and more than 25 contributions to conferences. I received from the University of Ghent the Helmont Prize for Speech and Audiological Sciences in 2013, the Young Scientist Prize (InterNoise 2013) and the Prize for the best student paper at Euronoise 2009. I am also a member of the CEN Standards Working Group, reviewer of various journals in the broad field of acoustics, and have chaired two conferences.

In addition to my scientific work, I am an enthusiastic teacher of various audiology and acoustics courses, and supervise several master’s degree projects in both audiology and engineering each year.

Karim Jerbi, PhD

Karim Jerbi, PhD

Posted by: on Sep 28, 2015 | No Comments

Dr. Jerbi is an assistant professor at Université de Montréal (2014-present) where he holds the Canada Research Chair in Systems Neuroscience and Cognitive Neuroimaging (Junior CRC). He leads a interdisciplinary research program that explores the neural substrate of brain function and dysfunction through the application of advanced signal processing and machine learning methods to multi-modal and multi-scale brain data.

He holds a PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience and Brain Imaging (awarded by the University of Paris VI, France) and a degree in Biomedical Engineering (awarded by the University of Karlsruhe, Germany). In December 2012, he completed a Research Director Habilitation (awarded by the Claude Bernard University, UCBL, Lyon I).

Research overview: The focus of Dr. Jerbi’s research is the study of the functional role of neural oscillations and brain-wide network dynamics in human cognitive processes (e.g. perception, intention, action, error and performance monitoring and resting states) and their breakdown in psychiatric disorders. To achieve this, the research conducted in his lab relies on a combination of invasive (intracranial EEG, LFPs, single and multi-unit recordings) and non-invasive (EEG and MEG) recordings. Because his research is rooted in systems neuroscience and neuroimaging, his research and collaboration cover a wide range of cognitive processes, which include among other topics, audition, language, speech and music processing.

Research keywords: neuroscience, neuroimaging, brain networks, connectivity, oscillations, artificial intelligence, brain-computer interfaces, cognition, neurological and psychiatric disorders.

Musical preferences: Chinese man, Sonic Youth, DJ Rupture, John Cage, Aphex Twin, Fela Kuti, The Cure, Gnawa Diffusion…

Denise Klein, PhD

Denise Klein, PhD

Posted by: on Aug 25, 2015 | No Comments

Dr. Denise Klein is a Scientist in the Cognitive Neuroscience Unit at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Assistant Professor in the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery and Director of the Centre for Research on Brain Language and Music at McGill University, Montreal. She obtained her Ph.D. at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. Dr. Klein’s thesis research focused on developmental reading problems in bilingual children. Dr. Klein came to the MNI in 1992 as a postdoctoral fellow to work with Dr. Brenda Milner.  Dr. Klein’s arrival at the MNI coincided with the emerging use of functional neuroimaging techniques to study the neural representation of language. Dr. Klein has played a leading role in the development of the MNI’s cognitive neuroscience research program using positron emission tomography (PET) combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and more recently, functional MRI, to measure regional changes in cerebral blood flow during the performance of various language tasks. Dr. Klein’s early work pioneered the use of brain imaging for the study of bilingualism. Her research has provided a springboard for current debates about bilingual brain organization. Her findings also have implications for educational policy and for shedding light on optimal periods for early language exposure and learning in child development.

 

About the Language experience and the brain laboratory

Denise Klein, Ph.D., Principal Investigator

Language experience and the brain laboratory at the Montreal Neurological Institute

The main focus in the lab is to explore how our early experience with language impacts the human brain, higher cognitive functions, and learning?  Our research combines behavioral methods with neuroimaging to investigate how neural recruitment is influenced by the age of acquisition/exposure, proficiency in the language, and the distinctive characteristics of languages. We seek to enhance our understanding of critical-period phenomena and neural plasticity in the human brain. The program of research addresses the extent to which the human brain has the capacity to change as a result of learning. Here, we specifically investigate the extent to which the neural patterns are fixed and the extent to which the patterns can be altered later in life. The results of these studies reveal the neural underpinnings of human brain development in relation to the age of language exposure, and they suggest periods when learning language are most optimal in early life.

A second focus in the lab is to use our work based on basic science to develop tools and questions related to presurgical and pre-treatment brain mapping in patients with various neurological disorders. In our lab we use neuroimaging tools to help map out functionally important areas for cognition in patients with focal brain lesions who are about to undergo treatment procedures at the Montreal Neurological Hospital involving cortex bordering on important functional brain areas. Our lab is currently responsible for running a pre-treatment functional brain mapping program at the MNI that integrates anatomical MRI, functional MRI and PET to facilitate preoperative diagnostic procedures in patients with brain lesions such as tumours, epileptic foci and vascular malformations that are in close proximity to areas of the brain that are critical to movement, vision, sensation, or language.

Phaedra Royle, Ph.D.

Phaedra Royle, Ph.D.

Posted by: on Oct 22, 2013 | No Comments

Phaedra Royle holds a Ph.D. in Linguistics (Université de Montréal) and pursued postdoctoral studies in Communication Sciences and Disorders (McGill). Her interests lie in psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, language disorders (Specific Language Impairment), language acquisition, morphology and morphosyntax. She is presently carrying out research on language acquisition (French DPs) and processing of complex noun phrases in French- and bilingual Spanish-speaking populations, ERP imaging of morphological processing and agreement, as well as eye-tracking experiments on morphological processing in French.

Nathalie Gosselin, PhD, Neuropsychologist

Nathalie Gosselin, PhD, Neuropsychologist

Posted by: on Dec 7, 2012 | No Comments

Nathalie Gosselin, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor at the University of Montreal, Department of Psychology, and a researcher at the International Laboratory on Brain, Music and Sound Research(BRAMS) and CRBLM (Centre for Research on brain, language and music). She focuses primarily on the effect of music on cognition, mood, health, and stress, both in individuals struggling with neuropsychological disorders or mental health problems, than in people without neurological impairment or psychiatric disturbances. Her studies are designed to examine the effects of background music on cognition and are funded by the Québec Research Fund – Company Culture (FQRSC Establishment of new research professors). Dr. Gosselin’s plans to explore the effect of music on stress are funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC Development Knowledge). Finally, her research on the effect of music on posttraumatic stress in patients who suffered a traumatic brain injury are funded by the Consortium for the development of research in trauma (AERDPQ, AQESSS, FRSQ, MSSS, REPAIR, SAAQ).

Nathalie Gosselin’s work with brain-damaged adults has increased understanding of brain organization in recognizing musical emotions. In particular, it demonstrated the key role of the amygdala in the perception of fear evoked by music. She also studies emotional processing across domains, including music, voices and faces. Her postdoctoral research has also carried on the perception of emotions evoked by music, faces and voices in patients with Alzheimer’s dementia.

Nathalie Gosselin is also Neuropsychologist. She was a clinician at the Hôpital Rivière-des-Prairies, a mental health center affiliated with the University of Montreal, where she did neuropsychological assessments with children and adults with various mental disorders (ex., autism spectrum disorder, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, attention deficit disorder). In her work, she was called upon to contribute to the differential diagnosis and to make recommendations to guide interventions. Currently, she is involved in the Psy.D. program. in clinical neuropsychology at the University of Montreal. Her responsibilities include supervising internships in clinical neuropsychology. She also offers services in private neuropsychological assessment. For more information, visit the following website: http://www.musec.ca/

Alexandre Lehmann, PhD

Alexandre Lehmann, PhD

Posted by: on Sep 6, 2012 | No Comments

Alexandre Lehmann, M.Eng., Ph.D., is assistant professor at McGill University’s Faculty of Medicine and adjunct professor at University of Montreal’s Psychology Department. He is also a principal member of the CRBLM (Centre for Research on Brain Language and Mind).

Alexandre’s research focuses on cognitive neuroscience of human auditory processing. He has been investigating brain plasticity and sensorimotor integration, both in the neocortex and subcortex, using electro-encephalography. Some of his topics of interests are selective attention, consonance perception, rhythmic entrainment and consciousness. He is currently applying those approaches to investigate performance and rehabilitation in cochlear implant users.

In the line with dynamical accounts of cognition and consciousness such as the oscillatory approach set forth by the enactive framework, he seeks to explore the interplay between subcortical and cortical structures. On the long-term he wishes to combine recent theoretical and technological advances, such as neuro-phenomenology, two-body neuroscience and mobile brain imaging, in order to study ecological situations such as collective dancing, chanting or drumming.