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Brams newcomews : Research presentation

Publié par: le 28 octobre 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Since there are many newcomers this current session, a new tradition is now emerging !  There will be a research presentation blitz by 8 new people at BRAMS; they will introduce themselves and present their current research work (5 minutes each).  They are:

  • Julia Chabot, M.Sc. Candidate, Peretz Lab: The MUSIC project
  • Falco Enzler, M.Sc. Candidate, Gosselin Lab: Effect of background music on selective attention in a visual task experiment
  • David Farkas, Ph.D.  Candidate, Schoenwiesner Lab: Movement effects in auditory streaming 
  • Peer Herholz, Ph.D. Candidate, Peretz Lab: Decoding of emotional valences across different sensory modalities and stimulus qualities
  • Naoto Hieda, Research assistant Lehmann Lab: Mobile EEG and Virtual reality
  • Brandon Paul, Research assistant Hebert Lab : Physiological correlates of gap detection in humans with tinnitus : towards on objective diagnostic measure
  • Ignacio Spiousas, Ph.D., Armony Lab: Neural correlates of auditory emotional information processing using neuroimaging techniques and computational approaches
  • Nicolas Vannson, PhD, Schoenwiesner Lab: Investigation of brain plasticity with a simulated CI device
  • Michael Weiss, Ph.D., Peretz Lab: The voice and memory for music
  • Hanjian Xu, Ph.D. Candidate : Comparison of two fMRI imaging methods in a passive auditory task

Organiser: Nicolas Vannson

Conférence de Bruno Gingras, PhD
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Conférence de Bruno Gingras, PhD

Publié par: le 27 octobre 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Pupillary responses index music-induced arousal

Abstract:

Music-induced emotions are conveyed by a variety of acoustical cues and are associated with measurable psychophysiological changes. In this talk, I will present three related studies, all using the same set of musical excerpts, which link music-induced emotions, acoustical features, and pupillary responses. 

Conference by Merav Ahissar, PhD
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Conference by Merav Ahissar, PhD

Publié par: le 19 octobre 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Detection of auditory regularities: success and failure

Expertise is acquired by a gradual replacement of on-line computations with scheme-based memory retrieval. This is the case for both simple perceptual and complex cognitive tasks. However, such a training-based replacement requires acquisition of the task-relevant regularities. 

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BRAMS Journal Club – Éva Nadon

Publié par: le 17 octobre 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Éva Nadon (Gosselin Lab & Peretz Lab) will present the article titled « The effects of background white noise on memory
performance in inattentive school children. »

Conférence by Jonathan Bolduc
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Conférence by Jonathan Bolduc

Publié par: le 6 octobre 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Use of the MBEMA with preschoolers

During this conference, we will present the adaptation of the Montreal Battery of assessment of Musical Abilities (MBEMA) for children of pre-school age. This version of the battery, using a digital tablet, includes test on melody, rhythm and memory. A pilot assessment was conducted with 100 French-speaking children aged between 3 and 5 years (N = 49 boys, 51 girls), from different socio-economic contexts in Quebec.

Preliminary results allow to see a gradual and significant improvement of musical skills  based on the age of participants and their musical experience. Despite methodological limitations related to the young age of the subjects, the use of the MBEMA seems to represent a reliable assessment tool to measure the musical skills during childhood.

Jonathan Bolduc holds a Canada Research Chair on music and learning. He is also an associate professor of music education at pre-school/elementary school at the Faculty of music, where he also runs the laboratory Mus-Alpha.

Talk by Michael Weiss
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Talk by Michael Weiss

Publié par: le 9 septembre 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Exploring the memory advantage for vocal melodies

The voice is a biologically significant and spectrally rich signal that plays a critical role in communication and social engagement throughout life. Nevertheless, music cognition and perception research does not typically use vocal music as stimuli, opting instead for timbres that are easier to manipulate and control (e.g., digital instruments). The evolutionary and ontogenetic significance of the voice are among the reasons to expect distinctive and favored processing of vocal music. My MA research compared memory for vocal and instrumental melodies, revealing superior recognition of vocal melodies and no differences among various instrumental renditions (Weiss, Trehub, & Schellenberg, 2012). The current talk is a summary of my Ph.D. research, which explored various facets of the ‘vocal memory advantage’ by (1) testing additional populations of listeners (children, musicians and nonmusicians), (2) using physiological (pupil dilation) as well as behavioral responses, (3) examining the implications of divided attention (a concurrent task), and (4) confirming the generality of the findings across male and female vocalists. Collectively, the research provides definitive evidence that musical timbres are unequal in their consequences for music cognition. Specifically, vocal and instrumental melodies have differential effects on arousal, attention, and memory.

Michael has joined the lab of Isabelle Peretz as a postdoc. His research examines adults’ and children’s memory for melodies using a variety of methods. He is currently attempting to pinpoint the factors that make vocal melodies so memorable.

Conference by Evelyne Mercure, PhD
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Conference by Evelyne Mercure, PhD

Publié par: le 25 août 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Voice and language processing in the infant brain

From the first days of life, babies appear to be naturally attracted to human voices. Recent advances in neuroimaging methods now allow studying brain responses to these socially relevant stimuli in young infants. Both fMRI and fNIRS suggest a network of areas specialised for processing human speech and non-speech vocalisations in infancy.

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Projet SEUR 2016

Publié par: le 26 juillet 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Au cours de la période estivale, de la fin juin au début août (six semaines) le Projet SEUR accueille gratuitement des élèves de 3e, 4e et 5e secondaire dans le cadre de séjours d’immersion sur le campus de l’Université de Montréal et en entreprises. Les participants sont sensibilisés à différentes perspectives d’études et de carrières par le biais d’activités diverses : expériences en laboratoire, débats, visites d’entreprises et ateliers. Des étudiants, des chercheurs et des professeurs issus du milieu universitaire ainsi que des professionnels provenant de différents horizons assurent l’animation des diverses activités.

Considérant le succès de l’an dernier, le projet SEUR aimerait encore emmener  leurs étudiants pour visiter le BRAMS, avec des visites sur les recherches et l’équipement qui se trouvent au BRAMS.

Il y aura trois visites les 26, 27 juillet et le 2 août en avant-midi de 9h30 à 11h et les groupes sont composés d’environ 30 jeunes de 3e, 4e et 5e secondaire. Horaire de la visite :

  • 09h30 à 10h00 : Accueil de jeunes, présentation des étudiants participants et la diversité de leur parcours.
  • 10h00 à 10h50 : Rotation avec trois groupes de 10 étudiants dans trois locaux du BRAMS pour des présentations d’environ 15 minutes (Les locaux présentés seront décidés selon les étudiants du BRAMS qui se porteront volontaires pour cette visite.)
  • 10h50 à 11h : Retour en groupe.

 

Bénévoles: Nicolo Bernardi, Justin Bouvier, Baptiste Chemin,  Francis L’Africain, Alexandra Leblanc, Chanel Marion-St-Onge, Joël Paquette, Marielle Saucier, Régis Trapeau

Organisatrice:

Éva Nadon, Université de Montréal

PhD candidate  in neuropsychology research and intervention

Laboratory and research center MUSEC, BRAMS, CRBLM and CERNEC

Motor interactions between mouth, hand and foot
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Motor interactions between mouth, hand and foot

Publié par: le 8 juillet 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Intensive contraction of a muscle modulates the corticospinal excitability (CSE) not only of the contracting muscle, but also of the resting muscles located in remote parts of the body; this is the so-called “remote effect”. We investigated to what extent the CSE of a hand muscle is modulated during preparation and execution of mouth and foot movements either separately or in combination. Hand-muscle CSE was estimated based on motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and recorded from the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle.

Naeem received his Ph.D. in Human Movement Science from the University of Verona and VU University of Amsterdam, where he aimed to tackle the interaction between sound perception and motor behavior, and sought to unravel its neural underpinnings. Thereafter, he spent time as a postdoc at the University of Helsinki. Recently, he joined the laboratory of Prof. Isabelle Peretz as a postdoc to perform research in the field of neuroscience of music.

Presentation by Marianne Stephan
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Presentation by Marianne Stephan

Publié par: le 10 juin 2016 | Pas de commentaire

Marianne Stephan is interested in the influence of auditory information on motor learning and memory formation and  its underlying neuronal mechanisms. She’s currently doing a PostDoc with Dr Virginia Penhune (Concordia University). The presentation will be about preliminary data of a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation study performed last year at BRAMS.

Investigating corticospinal excitability during melody listening: a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation study